Why is FileManager so unforgiving?

This is more of a reminder for me as to how to do simple things.

Apple keeps modifying the FileManager API, but doesn’t actually make it obvious as to how to do simple things.  I have Data that I want to save somewhere.  You think it would be as easy as getting a path, then writing it.  Nope.

So here’s a recipe to show how to simply write some data somewhere, overwriting as you do it:

func testSerialization() {
        do {
            let data = try NSKeyedArchiver.archivedData(withRootObject: self.dates, requiringSecureCoding: false)
            let url = writeLocation()  // currently just the caches directory / SomeFolder / SomeFilename.dta
            let fm = FileManager.default
            if fm.fileExists(atPath: url.path) {
                try fm.removeItem(at: url)
            let folder = url.deletingLastPathComponent()
            try fm.createDirectory(at: folder, withIntermediateDirectories: true, attributes: nil)
            let success = fm.createFile(atPath: url.path, contents: data, attributes: nil)

            XCTAssertTrue(success, "Should have written the file!")
            XCTAssertTrue(fm.fileExists(atPath: url.path), "Should have written something here")

        } catch let error {
            XCTFail("Failed with error: \(error.localizedDescription)")



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